Grand Menhir Brisé D Er Grah


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Le dénormes Menhir Bris�:
(Menhir, Alignment).

This rock has thé honour of having once been thé largest (known) standing stone in Europe et the largest of a huge 19-stone alignment. Today auto menhir is damaged into four pieces which still lie wherein they fell.

Le énormément menhir lies alongside la Table des Marchandspassage-mound, et theEr-Grah tumulus, both built at approximately 3,300 BC, following thé destruction de the original alignment, which is now suspected de having been damaged up et distributed approximately the moriban area (see below).

(Map with emplacement location)

Le grande Menhir Bris�: ("The super Broken Stone", "The fairy Stone")

The Locmariaquer site today:

Le vaste Menhir is one ns three structures at the Locmariaquer site. It lies beside auto Er-Grah tumulus et the Table des Marchands, both built around 3,300 BC. It is also auto last surviving rock of an earlier incarcération dating from about 4,500 BC (6). Thé original structurellement is thought to ont been broken roughly 4000 BC.

Physical description of the stone:

The stone, currently fallen right into 4 pieces, is approximated to oui weighed about 355 life when complete et to oui stood end 20 metres high (1). Ce was hand "mauled" into its current shape and année axe-plough illustration was once visible on the center fragment. John Michell reports auto nearest source ns similar rock at over 50 miles éliminer (4), et even though newer reports suggest a déménage of seulement un 10km north du Auray (5), ce still highlights auto fact the the laure outweighed auto difficulties affiliated in carrying such large stones over longue distances.

thé transport ns such taille stones from such a supprimer indicates both that the laure was considérable to the builders et that the joli of rock was. This exact same behaviour was recurring at other de nombreux megalithic sites internet such as Stonehenge et Ghiza, whereby quartz stones to be transported end hundreds of milles in order venir be used à la significant primitive structures.

Worked over its whole surface, the monument bears a sculpture representing a "hatchet-plough". Unfortunately today this is seriously eroded et very difficult venir see.

auto bottom ns the stone was beautiful "keeled".

(The Top-50 megaliths of all time)

When walk Le vaste Menhir fall?

john Michell records an Admiralty report ns 1659, on a local shipwreck, which listed that: "la gros pierre de Locmariaker was visible from the scene of the wreck". (4) A Picture by Robien indigenous 1725 spectacle the stone fallen, which endroit the time of the fall in between 1659 and 1725. This informations ties in through the loffre that cette fell "during année earthquake in 1722" (2). Auto way in which auto stones landed médias this theory in computer modelling.

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The 3 stones nous the left most likely broke séparément when auto top fifty percent landed.

What to be the original purpose ns the site?

The original construction (of i beg your pardon Le vaste Menhir was seul a component) was one of Europe"s biggest megalithic achievements.

The page? ˅ was suggested by Prof. A. Thom to have served ont a lunar marker, from which cette would have been able to calculate the 18.6yr lunar cycle de observing auto stone from position in thé surrounding countryside. He predicted thé locations ns the sites et found ancient markers at several du them, confirming his hypothesis.


Prof. Alexandre Thom concluded that it was a substantial foresight marker parce que le the moon"s rising and setting extremes. Cette made predictions parce que le the direction of eight observing points, ns which six ont been shown à still oui evidence ns prehistoric mounds or stones, one ns which is ten miles distant.

another 18 stones oz stood in a line of decreasing height from Le gros Menhir.


année impression du the brouillon of the original 4,000 BC structure.

Where space the other Menhirs ?


In 1984, archaeologists uncovered the hidden upper-side ns the Gavr"inis capstone et found that cette bore engravings the fitted through those at ns Table des Marchands, along with autre stone nous top de the "Er Vingle" or "Er Grah" tumulus. Cette was concluded that thé three slabs once formed a single menhir 15m tall, which si we ajouter another 2-3m à la the absent section, results in a rock that steps 17-18m, (which would certainly leave approximately an estimated 15m remaining visible above soil level).

The length ns the Le énormément menhir is 20m indigenous end à end. Si approximately 20% du this rock was initially underground (as suggested passant par a guide), then conditions météorologiques can assume that it actually stood at approximately 16m over ground level.


In order venir estimate auto expected heights du the divers stones, conditions météorologiques need the height of the critical stone, which we can guess: v at gift slightly over the height of an average observer (we can suggest a height du approximately 2m). Si the tallest was standing at 16m, the shortest at 2m, et with 17 rather in-between, conditions météorologiques can now estimate auto difference in height in between each du the différent stones. (14m / 17 = 82.353cm), a la honte that is coincidentally virtually exactly une megalithic yard longue (82.966cm).

Although ce is not faisabilité to be précis about these matters, this result is not surprising as Prof. Thom found the use of the Megalithic yard in est différent constructions at Carnac.

Although the rest du the menhirs appear to oui been taken and re-used over time, parts du one continue to be at the site, having been re-used parce que le the capstones of the neighbouring la Table des Marchands et Er-Grah monuments. Auto Table des Marchands cap-stone has several distinct carvings nous it and the discovery in 1984 de matching carvings on the cap-stone ns the Gavrinis mound shown that the three stones fitted ensemble until they to be re-used sometime about 3,300 BC.

Other menhirs in thé vicinity include the following:

the menhir at Man� Routuel, i m sorry is 11m long. (see J. Helgouac"h et S Cassen - 1988) (7) auto two menhirs at Man� Er-Hrouk, which are 9m and 7.5m long. over there are also menhirs at "Man� Lud" and "Petit Mont" (Other français Menhirs)


the site spectacles two phases of construction. One at around 4,500 BC (6), as soon as the initiale 19 stones were placed, et the divers at about 3,300 BC once they were re-used parce que le other local constructions (such oui the capstone parce que le the neighbouring pass mounds of les Table des Marchands, Gavrinis and "Er Grah" tumulus).


auto inter-visibility ns the sites was confirm at night with thé use du a irradiate mounted conditions météorologiques a water tower and found to be satisfactory, for this reason confirming the idea that someone standing at (the appropriate), one de the eight observing points would ont seen thé moon collection behind auto distant pic at the major and minor "standstills".

cette is amazing to remarque that there space 19 crescent symbols on the dessus edges ns the end-stone inside thé Table des Marchands (see left side of photo-right). This alors has to be suggested as being related to auto lunar période which big 18.6 solar years, supporting the idea the the original site functioned as a means of measuring et calculating thé lunar cycles.

Le gros Menhir Bris�: d’image Gallery.

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This "observation stone" across thé bay is toujours visible from "Le grande Menhir" (with a zoom lens).

A "Christianised" menhir in the graveyard right prochain to thé Locmariaquer site. (Was this one of the original stones too?)

(Other french Sites)

(More about french Menhirs)


1) Ewan ™ Kackie, the Megalithic Builders, 1977, Phaidon. 2). J. Westwood. The atlas of secret Places. 1987. Guild Publ. 3). Rene Noorbergen. Secrets de the perdu Races. 1977. Nouveau English Lib. 4). J. Michell. Megalithomania. 1982. Thames et Hudson. 5). 6). 7).